Liaquat Ali Khan first Prime Minister of Pakistan

Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan
Jinnah's “right hand man”

Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan ( 2 October 1896 – 16 October 1951) was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Foreign Affairs & Commonwealth, Kashmir Affairs and Defence Minister. He was also the first Finance Minister of India in the interim government of India prior to independence of both India and Pakistan in 1946 Liaquat Ali Khan rose to political prominence as a member of the All India Muslim League. He played a vital role in the independence of Pakistan. In 1947, he became the prime minister of Pakistan. He is regarded as the right-hand man of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Liaquat was given the titles of Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation), and posthumously Shaheed-e-Millat (Martyr of the Nation).


Liaquat Ali Khan was born on 1 October 1896 in Karnal, East Punjab, India. His family had come from Iran to India approximately 800 years ago during the reign of Muhammad Shahabuddin Ghori. The family claimed direct descent from the Sassanid King Chroses I.


His father Nawab Rustam Ali Khan possessed the title of Ruken-ud-Daulah, Shamsher Jang and Nawab Bahadur, bestowed by the British government. He was one of the few landlords whose property was spread across both the Punjab and the United Provinces.[4] Liaquat's mother, Mahmoodah Begum, arranged for his lessons in the Qur'an and Ahadith at home before his formal schooling started.


He graduated in 1918 from the Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College (later Aligarh Muslim University), Aligarh, and married his cousin, Jehangira Begum, in 1918. Second marriage was in December 1932. His wife, Begum Ra'ana, was a prominent economist and an educator. She, too, was an influential figure in the Pakistan movement. After the death of his father, Khan went to England and was awarded a Master's degree from Oxford University's Exeter College in 1921. While a student at Oxford, he was elected Honorary Treasurer of the Indian Majlis. Thereafter he joined the Inner Temple, one of the Inns of Court in London.

Following independence, India and Pakistan came into conflict over the fate of Kashmir. Khan negotiated extensively with India's then Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and pushed for the referral of the problem to the United Nations. During his tenure, Pakistan pursued close ties with the United Kingdom and the United States.


On 16 October 1951, Khan was shot twice in the chest during a public meeting of the Muslim City League at Municipal Park, (today’s Liquar Bag) Rawalpindi. The police immediately killed. Mr. Khan was an ardent supporter of independence.


The assassin's name was Said Akbar He was an Afghan national and a professional assassin. Upon his death, Liaquat Ali Khan was given the honorific title of "Shaheed-e-Millat", or "Martyr of the Nation". He was buried in the same manner (tomb) as Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The Municipal Park, where he was assassinated, was renamed Liaquat Bagh (Bagh means park) in his honour. It is the same place where later Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in 2007.


Liaquat ALi Khan is regarded as Quaid-e-Azam M.A.Jinnah's “right hand man” and heir apparent. His role in filling in the vacuum created by Jinnah’s death is seen as decisive in tackling critical problems during Pakistan’s fledgling years and in devising measures for the consolidation of Pakistan. His face is printed on postage stamps across the country. More Details



1 comment:

RennyBA's Terella said...

Thanks again for an interesting post and for opening my eyes for your countries history!

Btw: I'm sorry I have not been around that much lately, but have been working hard to find a way so that we could meet. Now It's official and I've planned hard for it: Oslo Blog Gathering 2010 - I do hope you can come and also encourage your other blog friends to participate!

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