Shab-i-Miraj means the night of Ascent. It is the blessed night when the Holy Prophet of Islam was spiritually transported to heaven and he reached a high stage of nearness to God Almighty which is beyond ordinary human comprehension. The Ascent took place on 27th day or Rajab, 2 years before Hijra. The journey was not with a physical body but was a vision of the highest type. On the way the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, met Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and some other Prophets. The purpose of the Ascent was to confirm the high status of the Prophet of Islam, a position which all Muslims believe, is impossible to attain by any other human being. It is related that even Gabriel, the Angel who was accompanying the Holy Prophet remarked at one stage, 'I am forced to stop here. I cannot go any further, but you O Messenger of peace and friend of the Master of the worlds, continue your glorious ascent.'
It is also related that the Holy Prophet continued his journey until he reached very close to the Throne of God Almighty and attained the utmost nearness to Him. After having drunk fully at the Divine fountain of spiritual knowledge he came down to impart the knowledge to mankind.
It was on this journey, that five daily prayers were made obligatory upon Muslims.
According to popular belief, the Miraj or Spiritual Ascension took place on 27 of Rajab. On this day, in some Muslim countries the houses and streets and specially the mosques are decorated with colorful pennants and buntings, and at night they are well illuminated by means of electric lights, candles or even oil lamps. As evening approaches the worshippers assemble in the mosques and engage themselves in glorifying the Lord and in singing hymns in His praise and in praise of the Holy Prophet. Public meetings are also held generally after Isha Prayer in larger mosques where speakers throw light on the spiritual status of the Holy Prophet, and various aspects of his life. The story of his spiritual ascension is narrated in detail. After the meetings sweets are generally distributed. Muslims of means give money in charity and also distribute food among the poor. The devoted ones spend the whole night in the remembrance of God.
AAMAAL OF SHAB-E-MERAJ
On 27th Rajab (40 Aamul Feel) the Holy Prophet (PBUH) made known to the people his mission of Prophet hood.
The 27th is therefore, a highly blessed night.
1. Take a bath and put on clean clothes.
2. Give alms in the way of Allah.
3. Just before midnight pray 12 Rak-a’t Namaaz, in 6 sets of 2 Rak-a’t each. In every Rak-a’t recite Soorah Al Faatih’ah and any other Soorah (any one soorah from Soorah Muhammad to An Naas).
After the salaam recite each of the following Soorahs 7 times:
At the end recite the following dua’a:
“ALH’AMDU LILLAAHILLAD’EE LAM YATTAKHID’WALADAN WA LAM YAKULLAHOO SHAREEKUN FIL MULKI WA LAM YAKULLAHOO WALIYYUN MINAD’D’ULLI WA KABBIRHU TAKBEERAA
ALLAHUMMA INNEE AS-ALUKA BI-MA-A’AQIDI I’ZZIKA A’LAA ARKAANI A’RSHIKA WA MUNTAHAR RAH’MATI MIN KITAABIKA WA BISMIKAL AA’-Z’AMIL AA’-Z’AMIL AA’-Z’AM WA D’IKRIKAL AA’-LAL AA’-LAL AA’-LAL WA BI-KALIMAATIKAT TAAMMAATIKAL AN TUS’ALLIYA A’LAA MUH’AMMADI WA AALIHEE
WA AN TAF-A’LA BEEMAA ANTA AHLU
Recite Ziyarat of the Holy Prophet(PBUH)
Recite Ziyarat of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS)
1) Take a bath and put on clean clothes
2) Observe fast
3) Give Alms in the name of Allah
4) Recite Ziarath of Holy Prophet(PBUH)
5) Recite Ziarath of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS)
6) Recite Salawaat(Durood) as many times as possible.
7) Recite 12 Rak-a’t Namaz in 6 sets of 2 rak-a’t each
In every Rak-a’t recite Soorah Al Faathih’ah and any other Soorah.
After the Salaam recite each of the following Surah 4 times
i. Soorah Al Faatih’ah
ii. Soorah Al Ikhlass
iii. Soorah Al Kaafiroon
iv. Soorah An Naas
v. Soorah Al Falaq
vi. Aayaatul Kursee
vii. LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAAHU WALLAAHU AKBER WA SUBH’AANALLAAHI WAL H’AMDU LILLAAHI WA LAA H’AWLA WA LAA QUWWATA ILLAA BILLAAHIL A’LIYYIL A’ZEEM
viii. ALLAAHU ALLAAHU RABBEE LAA USHRIKI BIHEE SHAY-AA
ix. LAA USHRIKA BIRABBEE AH’ADAA